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Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis
Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Owing to numerous possible source of pain on the heel, it is good to have your heel pain examined by a reliable and experienced ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, an experienced and skilled ankle surgeon is cable of identifying all potential possibilities and hence determining the source of your heel pain. Only a few people know about plantar fasciitis, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, the heel pain occurs when fascia is irritated and then inflamed leading to sharp, stabbing pain on the heel. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some of the common signs of plantar fasciitis includes sharp and stabbing pain emanating from the lower part of the heel, arch pains, pain which worsen on standing, the pain increases over time, and swelling on the bottom of the heel. People suffering from plantar fasciitis explain that pain worsens on standing after sitting for a considerable amount of time, however, walking decreases the pain because it stretches the fascia.
To be diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, doctor obtains medical history and examines the foot feeling the pain, to make a final diagnosis the surgeon must rule out all other types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use imaging diagnostics such as x-rays to establish the type of heel pain you are experiencing, there are instances when a spur is present in a patient with plantar fasciitis, though rare it is a possibility, in such a situation the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the non-surgical treatment available to manage or treat plantar fasciitis includes stretches of calf muscles, avoiding walking barefoot, use ice, 20 min daily to reduce inflammation, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and use shoes that are designed with supportive arch.